Blood tests

How to read blood test report?

Most of us might have undergone blood tests many times during our lifetime. Have you ever wondered how to analyze the report of your blood test………? If not go through this to understand the fundamentals of blood tests.

A blood test is one of the common physical tests that all of us undergo. To a layman, it is a complex thing to analyze and understand what exactly is red blood cell count, cholesterol, iron content, and many more.

We also fail to understand why tests are prescribed by physicians and the role of these tests on your health. It’s quite natural that the test reports might seem Greek and Latin to you especially when you receive the reports via E-mail or an application unless you have a session with your doctor.

While your physician may notify you in case of any major issues in the test report. Understanding the process of the tests, the outcomes of the test, the significance of the test will help you to diagnose any warnings that are present in the reports and take corrective measures for it.

Understanding the following three major categories of blood tests will help you out to analyze your reports better.

  1. Complete blood count: Focuses on every component of the blood.
  • White blood cell count: As the name suggests, this test focuses on counting the number of white blood cells in the blood sample of the patient.
  • A high value in the report indicates an infection and a low value indicates a compromised immune system.
  • Red blood cell count: A high value in the RBC indicates many issues.
  • Hematocrit test: This test helps to determine conditions like anemia.
  • Hemoglobin test: Low levels in hemoglobin indicates a fall in the iron content in it.
  • Platelet count: A low platelet count might mean a high risk of heart attack and a high level means anemia or cancer.
  1. Comprehensive Metabolic Panel: These set of tests are conducted to analyze things like glucose levels and the functioning of the kidneys.
  • Alanine Aminotransferase Test: This helps to find out the level of ALT enzyme in the blood wherein, the high level of this enzyme indicates issues in the liver.
  • Albumin test: Abnormal level of albumin that is produced by the liver may lead to complications in the liver and kidneys.
  • Alkaline Phosphatase Test: This test is conducted to find out the level of an enzyme that indicates problems in bone cells.
  • Calcium Test: Low levels of calcium indicates tuberculosis or hyperparathyroidism and high level indicates rickets.
  • Phosphorous test: Phosphorous levels help to diagnose infections in kidneys and alcohol abuse.
  • Potassium test: This helps to find out the functioning of the muscles and heart.
  1. Lipid Panel: Used to indicate cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
  • HDL Cholesterol test: Low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol indicates a high risk of a heart attack.
  • LDL Cholesterol test: Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol increased level indicates a high risk of heart diseases.
  • Total Cholesterol test: The proportion of both HDL Cholesterol and LDL Cholesterol helps to analyze the heart disease risk properly.

Genesis Diagnostics is a resource for processing blood tests near me providing medical professionals and researchers with accurate results to a wide range of sample testing, including standard blood panels.



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